The purpose of this circular is to standardize hate crime and hate incident information presented during community crime prevention meetings, and impart basic hate crime and hate incident information to members of the community. The circular also contains valuable and practical hate crime and hate incident opportunity reduction strategies, which were researched, developed, and compiled by the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), to assist community members reduce their risk and vulnerability to hate crime and hate incidents.
The City of Los Angeles has a unique and culturally diverse population. Its residents represent nearly every culture, nationality, race and religion on earth. This diversity has significantly contributed to making Los Angeles the vibrant and dynamic City it is today. Unfortunately, there are people and groups who would attack this heritage by committing crimes and acts, targeting members of specific groups that help make our City diverse. These crimes and acts that target members of a specific group are called hate crimes and hate incidents. Hate crimes and hate incidents are motivated by prejudice. Prejudice is a serious social problem. Prejudice means having beliefs and making judgments without knowing the facts. Prejudice is also known as bias, bigotry and intolerance. It is important to know the facts about hate crimes and hate incidents, because knowing the facts places the community in a much better position to recognize hate crimes and hate incidents as a very serious community problem. Hate crimes and hate incidents should never be written off as pranks or bad behavior.
A hate crime is any criminal act or attempted criminal act directed against a person or persons based on the victim’s actual or perceived race, nationality, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability or gender.
Examples of hate crimes include:
Hate incidents are similar to hate crimes in that the act is directed against a person or persons based on the victim’s actual or perceived race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, political affiliation, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, disability, or position in a labor dispute. The difference between a hate incident and a hate crime is that a hate incident is not a criminal act. Examples of hate incidents include:
Offensive materials such as hate flyers placed in mailboxes or thrown on lawns.
Hate materials, not resulting in property damage, such as demeaning caricatures depicting a racial, ethnic or a religious group.
Hate graffiti in public places not directed against a specific target such as an epithet on a vacant building.
WHO ARE THE PEOPLE BEHIND HATE CRIMES?
All kinds of people, from all segments of our society commit hate crimes and participate in hate incidents. They include:
Individuals acting on their own.
Certain young people who may be out seeking thrills or to shock other community members.
Members of organized groups that promote hatred and racism.
Both majority and minority group members commit and are victims of hate crimes.
WHY DO PEOPLE COMMIT HATE CRIMES?
People who commit hate crimes or are involved in hate incidents have many objectives, all of which are destructive. These objectives include the following:
HATE CRIME VICTIMS
The victims of hate crime and hate incidents may be singled out because of the following:
Hate crimes and hate incidents are frequently directed at nonwhites, however, whites are victims too. Targets most often include African Americans, Hispanics, Asians and people from the Middle East.
Some people are victimized because of their country of origin.
Other victims are singled out because of their religious or political beliefs.
Gays and lesbians are also victimized because of their sexual orientation.
Violence and discrimination against women is often a result of the mistaken view that women are inferior to men.
People who have AIDS, or who are physically or mentally disabled are harassed or discriminated against because of their condition.
HATRED HURTS EVERYONE!
The victims, their families and friends can suffer serious personal, financial, and emotional losses, as a result of a hate crime or a hate incident. Hate crime and hate incidents can divide neighborhoods and communities by raising levels of fear and suspicion, and lowering openness and cooperation. Hate crimes, hate incidents and racist behaviors are direct threats to the principles of democracy and equality. People who are involved in hate crimes and hate incidents are often unhappy, easily swayed and mixed-up emotionally. Many have had few, if any, successes in life. Bias, bigotry, intolerance and participation in hate crime and hate incidents serve as an outlet for their frustrations. They are easily taken in by the persuasive talk of hate groups. Their involvement in hate prevents them from meeting new challenges and taking positive steps toward leading more productive and fulfilling lives.
WHAT HAS BEEN DONE?
The LAPD has long recognized the serious nature of crimes and incidents motivated by hatred and is one of the first law enforcement agencies in the nation to establish specialized procedures for the handling of hate crimes and hate incidents. In addition to a designated LAPD Hate Crime Coordinator of the rank of Commander, detectives are also designated as hate crime coordinators in each of the geographic Area Community Police Stations of the LAPD. In 1997, the Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners established a Hate Crimes Task Force consisting of members of the LAPD and representatives from community organizations such as the Asian Pacific Legal Center, Anti-Defamation League, Los Angeles LGBT Center and the Simon Wiesenthal Center. The task force members focused on the need to revise hate crime procedures, including the need to raise the level of command accountability within the ranks of the LAPD.
WHAT CAN BE DONE?
Hate crimes can be prosecuted either as misdemeanors (lesser offenses) or felonies (more serious offenses), depending on the severity of the acts committed. Hate crimes can be prosecuted, and hate incidents are tracked by the LAPD. Hate crimes and hate incidents not only affect the victim they affect all of society. Hate crimes and hate incidents strike at the very heart of our society. Our country, constitution, and national character are based on the rights and needs of the individual. Hate crimes and hate incidents directly attack those founding principles, breeding fear, distrust and uncertainty in the community. Historically, hate crimes have been underreported; thus, many are not prosecuted. The LAPD, Los Angeles City Attorney’s Office, Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office and the U.S. Attorney’s Office are committed to apprehending and prosecuting perpetrators of hate crimes and preventing hate incidents.
Respect diversity at work and in your community. The more you learn and know about different cultures and traditions the richer your life will be. It is also important to work with children to dispel racist myths. Seize opportunities to counter bigoted views, for example, when they arise in news stories or television programs or when someone tells an ethnic joke. Additionally, support the efforts of the community to fight hate crimes and hate incidents through programs and projects on cultural diversity, human relations and conflict resolution. Promote the sharing of cultural events and holidays.
For information on personal security, please visit our Web site and go to Crime Prevention Tips, and go to the circular entitled personal security.
KNOW YOUR RIGHTS
The California Penal Code Section 422.6 (a) states the following:
“No person, whether or not acting under color of law, shall by force or threat of force, willfully injure, intimidate, interfere with, oppress, or threaten any other person in the free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege secured to him or her by the Constitution or laws of this state or by the Constitution or laws of the United States because of the other person’s race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, disability, gender, or sexual orientation, or because he or she perceives that the other person has one or more of those characteristics”
The California Civil Code Section 51.7 states the following:
“All persons within the jurisdiction of this State have the right to be free from any violence, or intimidation by threat of violence, committed against their persons or property because of their race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, political affiliation, sex, sexual orientation, age, disability, or position in a labor dispute. Anyone who violates the right provided by Section 51.7 is liable for each and every offense for the actual damages suffered by any person determined by a court of law. Damages shall be paid by the offender to the victim as follows:
WHAT REMEDIES ARE AVAILABLE?
Victims of hate crime may be eligible for some crime related losses through the California Victim Compensation Program, including:
For information call: Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Victim-Witness Assistance Program at 213-974-7499 or 800-380-3811.
Anyone who has had monetary or property loss because of the criminal act of another has the right to sue them for those monetary losses. If you are considering filing a civil lawsuit, you should contact a civil attorney right away.
IF YOU ARE A VICTIM OF A HATE CRIME
IF YOU HAVE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE PERPETRATOR OF A HATE CRIME
You are encouraged to contact the LAPD toll free hotline or the We Tip Hotline. Public cooperation is often essential in solving hate crimes.
Los Angeles Police Hate Crime Coordinator:
Robbery Homicide Division
Hate Crime Coordinator 213-486-6840
77th Street Area
7600 South Broadway
Los Angeles 90003
251 E. 6th Street
Los Angeles 90014
10250 Etiwanda Avenue
12760 Osborne Street
2175 John Gibson Blvd.
San Pedro 90731
2111 E. 1st Street
Los Angeles 90033
1358 N. Wilcox Avenue
11121 N. Sepulveda Blvd.
Mission Hills 91345
3400 S. Central Avenue
Los Angeles 90011
3353 San Fernando Road
Los Angeles 90065
North Hollywood Area
11640 Burbank Boulevard
North Hollywood 91601
1130 S. Vermont Ave.
Los Angeles 90006
12312 Culver Boulevard
Los Angeles 90066
1401 West 6th St.
Los Angeles 90017
145 W. 108th Street
Los Angeles 90061
1546 W. Martin Luther King Blvd.
Los Angeles 90062
21501 Schoenborn St.
Canoga Park 91304
Van Nuys Area
6240 Sylmar Avenue
Van Nuys 91401
West Los Angeles Area
1663 Butler Avenue
Los Angeles 90066
West Valley Area
19020 Vanowen Street
4861 W. Venice Boulevard
Los Angeles 90019
Hate Crimes Division 213-257-2385
Target Crimes Division 213-974-3798
CRIME PREVENTION UNIT
On June 25, 1927, the LAPD established the first fully budgeted Crime Prevention Division (CPD) in the City of Los Angeles. Under the present LAPD Administration the former CPD is part of the Community Relationship Division and is called the Crime Prevention Unit (CPU). The CPU works closely with CRD and numerous other entities inside and outside the LAPD to fight hate crime and hate incidents. For instance, the CPU is responsible for the development of this circular and many other community crime prevention circulars, brochures, videos and other crime prevention programs and strategies focused on reducing criminal opportunity. The CPU also prepares crime prevention messages for broadcasting in local radio and television programs and crime prevention articles for publication in local magazines and newspapers. The personnel assigned to the CPU are dedicated to reducing fear, hate crime and hate motivated incidents and improving the quality of life in the City of Los Angeles. The CPU may be reached at 213-486-6000.