The Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) premise is that the proper design and effective use of public and private space can lead to a reduction in the incidence and fear of crime, reduction in calls for police service and to an increase in the quality of life within a community. The term CPTED is used to describe a series of physical design characteristics that maximize resident control of criminal behavior within a residential community. The same design concepts improve the ability of police to monitor activities within the community.
Three CPTED strategies are:
Additionally, design recommendations include:
As much as possible, all space should become the clear responsibility of someone. Relocate gathering areas to locations that provide natural surveillance and access control, as opposed to locations away from the view of would-be offenders. For example, all play areas should be located within the central common area of the building, thereby allowing occupants to glance at or actively watch children at play.
Place activities in locations where the natural surveillance of these activities will increase the perception of safety for legitimate users and risk for offenders. For example, well-used common areas may overlook a parking area to provide additional security for the parking area.