LAPD Publishes Comprehensive Report & Analysis on Uses of Force in 2015 NR16078aa

March 1, 2016

Los Angeles – Los Angeles Police
Department provides the public with detailed information on
officer-involved shootings and uses of less-lethal and non-deadly
force furthering its commitment to data transparency and
analysis

Earlier today, the LAPD published a comprehensive review of its
uses of force in 2015 with detailed analyses of officer-involved
shootings and uses of non-deadly and less-lethal force options. The
Executive Summary and complete analysis is available on the
Department’s website at www.LAPDonline.org or 2015 Use of Force
Year-End Review.

In November 2015, Chief Beck initiated a detailed review of the
Department’s uses of force for 2015 and a comparison to the prior
five years. The objective was to analyze the data available from
the 48 officer-involved shootings and 1,825 uses of non-deadly and
less lethal force to identify factors that could inform training,
tactics, and other issues when officers are confronted with use of
force situations.

“This report represents the LAPD’s steadfast commitment to
providing detailed information on the Department’s uses of force,”
said Chief Beck. ” This unprecedented analysis and amount of
information will help the LAPD continuously improve our efforts to
preserve life and protect the community.”

Key points from the report
include:

Very Few Uses of Force Per
Contacts with the Public
• In 2015, LAPD officers had over 1.5 million contacts with members
of the public, including arrests and responses to 9-1-1 calls. Only
.13% of those contacts resulted in any type of use of force. This
represents a Use of Force rate of 1.3 per 1,000 public
contacts.
• The 48 Officer-Involved Shootings in 2015 represent only .03 per
1,000 contacts with members of the public or .003%

Officer Involved
Shootings

• Increase in the number of
officer-involved shootings — In 2015, LAPD had 48 Officer Involved
Shootings which represented a 60% increase compared to 2014 (30
incidents) and a 10% increase from the four year average of 44 OIS
Incident per year.

• Hits – In 38 incidents (79%),
the suspect was struck by gunfire

• No-Hits -In 10 incidents (21%),
the suspect was not hit by gunfire

• Injuries to
Suspects

o In 21 incidents the suspect died (44% of all OIS’s; 55% of
hits)
o In 16 incidents the suspect had non-fatal Injuries (33% of all
OIS’s; 42% of hits)
o In 11 incidents, the suspect was uninjured (23% of all
OIS’s)

• Injuries to Officers –
Significant Increase

o Officers Injured in OIS’s were up 64% (from 5 to 14) in 2015
including one officer seriously wounded by suspect with assault
rifle.

• Armed Suspects — In 78% of cases, the suspect was armed with a
firearm, edged weapon or blunt weapon.
o In 53% of incidents, suspect had a firearm or imitation
firearm
o In 21% of incidents, suspect had a knife or other edged
weapon
o In 4% of incidents, suspect had a blunt force weapon such as a
baseball bat

• Attempted to Arm — In 8% of
incidents the suspect attempted to, or did, disarm an officer (in 3
of the 4 cases, the suspect also had a firearm, edged or blunt
weapon)

• Simulated Weapon and Furtive
Movements

o In one case (2%), the suspect simulated being armed with a
handgun and trying to shoot the officers

o In six cases (13%), the suspect made furtive movements causing
the officers to believe they were attempting to become armed.

• Reason for Contact in OIS
Incidents:
o In 52% a member of the public requested a police response
o In 35% an officer initiated contact with the suspect
o In 4% a suspect ambushed the officers
o In 8% of incidents, the officer was off-duty and either witnessed
a crime or was a victim of a crime

• Increase in Mental Illness and
Substance Abuse — The number of OIS incidents where the suspect
was perceived to have mental illness and/or under the influence of
drugs increased in 2015 and those under the influence
decreased:

o Mental Illness – 300% increase in suspects perceived to have
mental illness compared to 2014.

o Under the Influence – 43% decrease compared to 2014; 51% decrease
of 16.25 individuals compared to 2011-2014 (4 year annual
average).

• Suicide By Cop Officer Involved
Shooting Incidents — Increased 150% compared to 2011-2014 annual
average of 4.8 individuals.

• Metropolitan Division – Despite
an increase in number of officers and crime suppression
deployments, Metro Officers were involved in only two OIS’s
compared to 17 in 2014 – a reduction of 88%.

Non-Deadly and Less Lethal Force –
Physical force, TASER, Bean Bag Shotgun and OC Spray

• Less Lethal and Non-Deadly UOF
Down by 2% – In 2015, LAPD used less lethal and non-lethal force in
1,825 incidents representing a 2% decline from 2014 and a 2%
increase compared to the four-year average of 1788 incidents.
Non-lethal force decreased while TASER and Beanbag Shotgun Use
increased:

o TASER Use – 24% increase compared to 2014
o Beanbag Shotgun Use – 31% increase compared to 2014
o Non-Lethal Force is down compared to 2014 by 2%

Enhanced Training
Efforts

The Department has also implemented numerous programs to address
these emerging threats through enhanced training on mental illness,
the use of less lethal and non-lethal force, and de-escalation
techniques. These new efforts are set forth in the report available
at
http://bit.ly/1OMGVXN.